Goalkeeper - The goalkeeper may play the ball with his or her hands, but only inside their own penalty area. The goalkeeper may not waste time putting the ball into play. The goalkeeper wears a different color jersey from his or her teammates.
Ball out of touch - All of the ball must go completely past the outside edge of the touchline or goal line either on the ground or in the air.
Goal - All of the ball must go completely past all of the goal line into the goal.
Throw-In - A throw-in is the restart after the ball has gone over the touchline. The ball is thrown in at the spot it left the field of play. Both of the player's feet must be on or behind the touchline. The ball must be thrown from behind the head with both hands, one on each side of the ball. Throw-ins are used in U12 and older divisions; kick-ins are used for U6, U8 and U10.
Corner Kick - After the ball has gone out over the goal line having last been touched by the defensive team. The ball is placed inside the corner arc and kicked by an offensive player.
Goal Kick - After the ball has gone out over the goal line having last been touched by the offensive team. The ball is kicked by a defensive player from anywhere inside the goal area. The ball must be kicked out of the penalty area before it is back in play.
Offside - A player is in an offside position if:
The offside position is judged at the moment the ball touches or is played by a teammate. If, in the opinion of the referee, a player in an offside position touches the ball, interferes with an opponent, or plays a ball that rebounds from the goalkeeper or the cross bar, then an indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team.
There is no offside offense if a player receives the ball directly from a throw-in, corner kick or goal kick.
Indirect Free Kick (IFK) - An IFK is taken from the location of the offense. A goal cannot be scored directly, i.e. the ball must be touched by another player before a goal can be scored. An IFK is awarded for various infractions as well as the following fouls
Direct Free Kick (DFK) - A DFK is taken from the location of the foul and is awarded for the following offenses when committed by a player while the ball is in play (except when committed inside the offenders own penalty area):
Penalty Kick (PK) - A PK is awarded for a direct free kick foul committed inside a team's penalty area. The kick is taken from the penalty spot. All players except the kicker and goalkeeper must be outside the penalty area, behind the ball and at least 10 yards from the penalty spot. The ball is in play after it has been kicked forward, but the kicker may not be the next to touch it.
Advantage - Any penalty, which might in the opinion of the referee give an advantage to the team committing the foul, shall not be called.